Cefprozil

Cefprozil

Cefprozil is a medicine  to treat diseases caused by bacterial infections, such as skin infections, ear infections, sore throats, tonsillitis, sinusitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, and bladder infections. This medicine should only be used with a doctor's prescription.

Cefprozil belongs to the cephalosporin class of antibiotics. These drugs stop the growth of bacteria by inhibiting the formation of cell walls that bacteria need to survive. Please note that cefprozil cannot be used to treat infections caused by viruses, such as flu or colds.

Cefprozil trademark: Lizor

What is Cefprozil

class Prescription drug
Category Cephalosporin antibiotics
Benefit Treating bacterial infections
Consumed by Adults and children
Cefprozil for pregnant and lactating women Category B: Animal studies have not demonstrated a risk to the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women. If you are pregnant, consult your doctor about using this drug.

Cefprozil can be absorbed into breast milk, but only in small amounts. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medication without consulting your doctor first.

Drug form Caplet

Warning Before Using Cefprozil

Cefprozil should not be used carelessly. There are several things you need to pay attention to before taking cefprozil:

  • Do not take cefprozil if you are allergic to it, penicillin, or other cephalosporin class drugs, such as cephalexin.
  • Tell your doctor if you have had or currently have kidney disease , bleeding disorders, colitis , or severe diarrhea.
  • Tell your doctor if you are getting vaccinated with a live bacterial vaccine, such as the typhoid vaccine or  the BCG vaccine .
  • Consult your doctor about using cefprozil in the elderly and children to avoid the risk of serious side effects.
  • Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages while undergoing treatment with cefprozil, because it can increase the risk of side effects.
  • Do not drive or do other activities that require alertness after taking cefprozil if this medicine causes dizziness.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, may become pregnant, are breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy.
  • Tell your doctor if you are delaying pregnancy with birth control pills, because cefprozil can reduce the effectiveness of contraception. Consult a doctor about alternative contraceptives that can be used.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking other medications, including supplements and herbal products, to avoid drug interactions.
  • Tell your doctor that you are taking or have recently finished taking cefprozil if you are planning to have a blood test or urine test.
  • Immediately consult a doctor if you experience a drug allergic reaction or serious side effects after taking cefprozil.

Dosage and Rules for Use Cefprozil

The dose of cefprozil will be given by the doctor according to the type of infection and the patient's condition. In children, the dose of cefprozil is also based on body weight. The following is the distribution of cefprozil doses based on the patient's condition:

Condition: Sore throat ( pharyngitis ) and inflammation of the tonsils ( tonsillitis )

  • Adults and children ≥13 years: 500 mg once daily for 10 days.
  • Children 2–12 years: 7.5 mg/kg, every 12 hours for 10 days. Maximum dose of 500 mg per dose.

Condition: Worsening of chronic bronchitis due to bacterial infection

  • Adult: 500 mg, every 12 hours for 10 days.

Condition: Infection of the skin or skin tissue without complications

  • Adults and children ≥13 years: 250 mg, every 12 hours. Or 500 mg, once a day. Duration of treatment 10 days.
  • Children aged 2–12 years: 20 mg/kg, once a day. Maximum dose of 500 mg per dose.

Conditions: Bladder infection ( cystitis ) and kidney infection

  • Adult: 500 mg once daily for 3–7 days. Dosage extended for 14 days in kidney infection.

Condition: Otitis media

  • Adult: 500 mg once daily for 5–10 days.
  • Children 6 months–12 years: 15 mg/kg, every 12 hours for 10 days.

Condition: Pneumonia

  • Adult: 500 mg every 12 hours for 7–21 days.

Condition: Sinusitis

  • Adults and children ≥13 years: 250–500 mg, every 12 hours for 10 days.
  • Children 2–12 years: 7.5–15 mg/kg, every 12 hours for 10 days.

How to Use Cefprozil Properly

Follow the doctor 's recommendations and read the information on the drug packaging before taking cefprozil. Do not increase or decrease your dose without your doctor's approval.

Take cefprozil regularly at the same time every day. Swallow cefprozil before or after meals with the help of plain water. If you have nausea or stomach pain, cefprozil can be taken with food.

Continue treatment according to the length of treatment recommended by the doctor even though your complaints have improved. Do not stop using cefprozil before the time prescribed by the doctor, because it can cause the infection to recur and be more difficult to treat.

Consult a doctor if your complaints have not improved after these antibiotics have run out.

Store cefprozil at room temperature and away from direct sunlight, and keep out of reach of children.

Other Drug Interactions with Cefprozil

There are several interactions that can arise as a result of using cefprozil with other drugs, including:

  • Increased risk of impaired kidney function when used with aminoglycoside antibiotics , such as gentamicin or kanamycin
  • Increased risk of side effects when used with probenecid
  • Decreased effectiveness of vaccines derived from live bacteria, such as the BCG vaccine or typhoid vaccine

Cefprozil Side Effects and Dangers

Side effects that may occur after consuming cefprozil are:

  • Nauseous
  • Vomit
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach ache
  • Dizzy

Check with your doctor if the side effects above don't go away or get worse. Immediately see a doctor if an allergic drug reaction or more serious side effects occur, such as:

  • Constant nausea or vomiting
  • Unusual fatigue
  • Severe, very watery, and bloody diarrhea, accompanied by abdominal cramps
  • Jaundice or dark urine
  • Kidney disorders, which can be marked by changes in the amount of urine, swelling in the ankles or feet, or shortness of breath
  • New infection, which can be characterized by sore throat, fever, diarrhea, mouth sores, or chills
  • seizures
  • Unusual bruising or bleeding
  • Dazes and mood swings

Long-term and repeated consumption of cefprozil can increase the risk of developing fungal infections, such as oral or vaginal candidiasis . Tell your doctor if you have symptoms such as vaginal discharge and itching , or painful white patches in your mouth.

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