Cefuroxime

Cefuroxime

Cefuroxime is an antibiotic drug used to treat bacterial infections , such as respiratory infections, gonorrhea, urinary tract infections, or Lyme disease.

Cefuroxime is a cephalosporin class of antibiotics that works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria in the body. Cefuroxime cannot be used to treat infections caused by viruses, such as the flu.

Cefuroxime trademarks:  Anbacim, Celocid, Cefuroxime Axetil, Cefuroxime Sodium, Cethixim 500, Oxtercid, Situroxime, Sharox, Zinnat

What is Cefuroxime

class Prescription drug
Category Cephalosporin class of antibiotics
Benefit Overcome bacterial infections
Used by Adults and children
Cefuroxime for pregnant and lactating women Category B: Animal studies have not demonstrated a risk to the fetus, but there are no controlled studies in pregnant women.

Cefuroxime can be absorbed into breast milk. If you are breastfeeding, do not use this medicine without consulting your doctor first.

Drug form Tablets and injections

Warning  Before Using Cefuroxime

Cefuroxime should only be used according to a doctor's prescription. The following are things you need to pay attention to before using cefuroxime:

  • Do not use cefuroxime if you are allergic to it or to other cephalosporin antibiotics, such as cefaclor , cefadroxil , or cefdinir .
  • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to penicillin class drugs .
  • Tell your doctor if you have or currently have kidney disease, liver disease, colitis , phenylketonuria, or malnutrition .
  • Do not drive a vehicle or do activities that require alertness while on treatment with cefuroxime, because this drug can cause dizziness and drowsiness.
  • Tell your doctor if during your treatment with cefuroxime you plan to be immunized with live vaccines, such as the typhoid vaccine.
  • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy.
  • Tell your doctor if you are taking certain medications, supplements or herbal products.
  • See your doctor immediately if you experience a drug allergic reaction , serious side effects, or overdose after using cefuroxime.

Dosage and Rules for Use Cefuroxime

Dosage and rules for using cefuroxime are different for each patient. The doctor will give the dose and determine the duration of treatment according to the condition and age of the patient. Here is the explanation:

Conditions: Treatment of bacterial infections, including urinary tract infections and respiratory infections

  • Adult: 250–500 mg every 12 hours for 7–10 days.
  • Children aged 3 months to 2 years weighing <40 kg: 10–15 mg/kg every 12 hours for 7–10 days. The maximum dose is 125–250 mg every 12 hours.

Condition: Treatment of gonorrhea (gonorrhea)

  • Adult: 1 gram, as a single dose.

Condition: Treatment of Lyme disease

  • Adult: 500 mg twice daily for 20 days
  • Children >3 months to 2 years: 10 mg/kg, 2 times a day
  • Children aged > 2 years: 15 mg/kg, 2 times a day. Maximum dose of 250 mg, 2 times a day

Cefuroxime in injection form is given by a doctor or by medical personnel under the supervision of a doctor. The dosage will be adjusted to the condition and severity of the infection experienced by the patient.

How to use Cefuroxime correctly

Use cefuroxime tablets according to the doctor 's instructions and always read the information listed on the drug packaging. Do not increase or decrease your dose without consulting your doctor first.

Cefuroxime tablets should be consumed with food or after food to increase the absorption of the drug into the body and reduce the risk of stomach ulcers.

Take cefuroxime tablets with a glass of water. Swallow the tablet whole, do not crush or chew it in your mouth. If you are taking medication with antacids , space them 1 hour before or 2 hours after taking cefuroxime.

For effective treatment, take cefuroxime at the same time every day. Make sure there is sufficient time between one dose and the next. Do not stop treatment prematurely, even though complaints or symptoms have improved.

If you accidentally miss a dose of cefuroxime, take it immediately if the scheduled next dose is not too close. If it is close, ignore the missed dose and do not double up on the next dose.

Store cefuroxime in a cool and dry place and avoid exposure to direct sunlight. Keep cefuroxime out of reach of children.

Interactions  of Cefuroxime with Other Drugs

There are several interaction effects that can arise if cefuroxime is used with other drugs, including:

  • Increased risk of kidney damage when used with aminoglycoside antibiotics or diuretic drugs, such as furosemide
  • Increased risk of bleeding when used with anticoagulant drugs, such as warfarin
  • Decreased effectiveness of birth control pills
  • Increased blood levels of cefuroxime when used with probenecid

Side Effects and Dangers of Cefuroxime

Side effects that may arise after using cefuroxime are:

  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache, dizziness , or drowsiness
  • Stomach ache

Check with your doctor if the side effects above don't go away or get worse. Immediately go to the doctor if a drug allergic reaction appears which can be marked by the appearance of a rash

In addition, you should also see a doctor immediately if you experience more serious side effects, such as:

  • Diarrhea accompanied by bloody stools or severe abdominal pain
  • Jaundice
  • Chest pain
  • Easy bruising
  • Seizures or confusion
  • Difficulty urinating, swelling in the legs, or bloody urine
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